4.4.2. Third Declension in Examples

1. Nominative Singular in ; as, ekwa, sena.

Examples of -ia/-i stems are potnia/potni

Those in themes -e, -o, which aren't found very often, can present an -s as well; as in bhidhes (lat. fides)

Those in -a can also rarely present forms in -a; as in gr. lesb. Dika

2. Accusative Singular in -m; as, ekwam, potniam/potnim, bhidhem

3. Vocative Singular in -. It is normally identical to the Nominative, but disambiguation could happen with distinct vowel grades.

4. Genitive Singular in -s; as, ekwas, senas

The theme in -ia/-i/-ia produces a Genitive Singular in -as; as, potnias

5. Oblique Singular in -ai, -a

There is also a form -ei for themes in -e and in -ia.

 SINGULAR

 

m. ekwa

m. potnia/i

m. bhidhe-

NOM.

ekwa

potnia/i

bhidhes

ACC.

ekwam

potnia/i-m

bhidhem

VOC.

ekwa

potnia/i

bhidhe

GEN.

ekwas

potnia/i-s

bhidhes

OBL.

ekwai

potnai

bhidei

 

 

adj. f. sen-

NOM.

sena

ACC.

senam

VOC.

sena

GEN.

senas

OBL.

senai