Co-authoring the second edition of A Grammar of Modern Indo-European & opening of Indo-European bookstore

These are the latest developments of the Dnghu Association:

1. We have opened formally the possibility to participate in the authoring of the second edition of the book A Grammar of Modern Indo-European. We’ve added new download links, and the whole Word file might be downloaded as DOCX (original) and DOC format, and the book cover is available in Photoshop PSD format, both files in the latest available version.

2. Because of the interest in the printed version of A Grammar of Modern Indo-European, we have arranged a bookstore with Amazon, to let visitors choose among those books we deem interesting for Proto-Indo-European and Indo-European studies. This way, we recommend the books and at the same time obtain a percentage of Amazon’s earnings.

We have also added a tiny Ad link on Dnghu’s main websites, following our 2008 policy of recovering some money spent in non-associate visitors with Google ads.

Your Indo-European Language Team.

Indo-European Language Association: Projects, Subsidies, ToDos and Holydays

After the last weeks of holydays, some Dnghu members are back to work. We are all, however, engaged in different activities in the University – Doctorate, Exams, Academy (private) lessons for the exams, and language courses.

Recent matters to be solved at DNGHU before the beginning of this academic course:

– The decision on the public subsidies for the project of teaching European languages are due for September after informal reports, even though no date has been fixed. Even if we don’t receive the public approval, we have made some agreements with private schools to teach this experimental subject in the 2007-2008 course, instead of Latin or ‘Classical Studies’.
– We haven’t accomplished some of our ToDos for 2006-2007, like the PodCast in Indo-European, the news’ website, the renewal of Dnghu’s site (and its correct translation into Modern Indo-European), and many other little projects. We hope to get all this done before Christmas.
– Some domain names haven’t been renewed by our provider while we were on holydays, in the last 20 days; we hope this will be solved in the next days without further problems. Sorry for the inconveniences to all of you Wiki editors.
– The printed copies of our Indo-European Grammar were supposed to be available on 20th August; there was a problem in the output (it was not a “Distiller” document, as the printer wanted, but “only Acrobat”…), so we might have to wait a little more time till Editor and Printer agree on the final price. In any possible case, we hope to have most of the 200 copies sent to different European libraries by the end of October.
– Apparently, some spammers are using our domain and others to send thousands of emails; many anti-spam software out there (stupidly) answer automatically to the spammer email’s address, and we’ve got hundreds of spam warnings a day, so we have to delete thousand of mails. So the spammed servers are ironically spamming us… We will try to read any possible mail, but please share any information in the forum instead, just in case we mistakenly delete(d) your email.
– We want to have a site for links on linguistics, where every possible free online resource is listed or downloadable, so that every visitor can learn the (Proto-)Indo-European reconstruction – and Proto-Language/Nostratic, Indo-Uralic as well as Indo-European early dialects and proto-languages. If you know good websites, post them in the Forum, so that our work is more easily done.
– We will probably open a period for easy membership to our association, so that every interested individual or organization is able to participate in future decisions and elections.

That’s (almost) all for now.

Your Indo-European Language Team.

General failure on Indo-European Association websites from 16-17 July, 2007

As we commented before, we had requested some weeks ago the next bandwidth in the scale offered by our ISP, due to the increasing visits and downloads from our websites.

Yesterday, they just disconnected the phone from their central, and after 8 complaints and 15 hours, they have eventually shown up and arranged the new connection, which – for the moment – shows only a great download rate, but the same upload.

Sorry for the inconveniences, we hope that the new connection is worth the troubles.

Your Indo-European Language Team.

A Grammar of Modern Indo-European, 1st Edition, Final Version. Machine translated text in different languages is also available.

The last version of A Grammar of Modern Indo-European, 1st Printed Edition, has been released after some corrections in its content and design (now version 3.20):

– Some mistakes in design have been corrected.

– The frontpage slightly modified, using vector images and .tif background image.

– Minor syntax and translation changes, as well as other corrections, have been applied to the content. Some information has been added.

– Machine translations of the whole text have been added, either as already translated text (to facilitate the quick reference in the most used languages) or as links to Altavista/Google/Tranexp web translation engines.

Thank you for your comments and corrections. The printed copies will be available in 15-30 days, after the editor and the printer have agreed on the final changes. The first donations of printed copies to European libraries will probably begin in september.

Your Indo-European Language Team.

Gramatica del indoeuropeo moderno, Spanish translation of Modern Indo-European Grammar, preface and introduction

The Gramática del indoeuropeo moderno is the translation into Spanish of the Preface and Introduction sections of A Grammar of Modern Indo-European, the main work of the Indo-European Revival Association.

Translations of those introductory sections into French and German are also being prepared. The rest of the book is deemed too specialized (and sometimes subject to future change) to spend our time and effort translating it – the book is, however, licensed under GFDL – CC-by-sa, so that anyone can translate it into any possible language, and then redistribute/publish it elsewhere.

There are also some Wiki Websites prepared to host the translations of the book, apart from other relevant information about the Proto-Indo-European language and its revival as a modern language, namely Indo-European (in English), Indo-Europeen (en Français), Indogermanisch (auf Deutsch), indoeuropeo (in italiano), etc. (visit and for more languages)

Your Indo-European Language Team.

Indo-European Grammar, 1st Edition, Release Candidate III (final version)

The latest version of A Grammar of Modern Indo-European, 1st Printed Edition, has been released after some minor corrections (now version 3.15):

– The printed design has been improved

– The frontpage slightly modified

– Minor syntax, translation, and corrections have been applied to all chapters.

Thanks to all of you for your corrections and comments. The Final Version is due for next week, after the editor and the printer have agreed on the final changes. The frontpage is being adjusted to vector images (with Adobe Illlustrator), and the final text for print will be corrected for b/w digital print with Acrobat and Distiller.

Your Indo-European Language Team.

A Grammar of Modern Indo-European, 1st Printed Edition, Release Candidate II

The latest version of A Grammar of Modern Indo-European, 1st Printed Edition, has been released after some major corrections (now version 3.10):

– The printed design has been improved, the frontpage modified and the PDF size adjusted to the real size of the printed edition (22x17cm)

– The Notes show more accurate reconstructions of modern IE (mainly Anglo-Latin) words.

– Minor syntax, translation, and corrections have been applied to all chapters.

– The Noun Declension system has been adapted to a more Graeco-Latin scheme (i.e., the First declension is equivalent to Latin a or first declension, and to the Greek alpha-declension, and so on).

– The chapter on verbs has been slightly improved.

– The Appendix on Phonology, especially on the palatovelars’ question, has been corrected. The syntax Appendix improved.

Thanks to all of you for your corrections and comments. We hope to keep publishing minor corrections and newer major versions with your inestimable help.

Your Indo-European Language Team.

Public release of ‘A Grammar of Modern Indo-European’, 1st Edition, corrected and extended

A Grammar of Modern Indo-EuropeanAlmost 2 months after the public release of version 2.00, a new major version 3.00 has been published, A Grammar of Modern Indo-European, 1st Edition, with its own ISBN and Legal Deposit.

Unlike the more informal v.2.00, firstly called Europaio:A Brief Grammar of the European Language, Vol. I, 1st Revised Edition, and then 2nd. Edition/A Grammar of Modern Indo-European, this release has been prepared with an expert in Indo-European linguistics and will have a printed edition, B&W paperback, with a size of app. ISO B5, with a cost of 20€ before VAT. The first 100 copies printed will be donated to different European libraries, and the editor will offer the ebook to download for free from its website, too.

The following major changes have been made:

– The writing system has been symplified to the older v.1.00 one (i.e., without Satem-Centum distinction), and the reasons for such a decision are explained in the First (Phonetic) Appendix.

– The first chapter has been completely revised to include other Indo-European dialects of Europe and their main linguistic and/or archaeological features.

– Minor syntax, translation, and corrections of MIE forms have been applied to all chapters.

– The Noun (hence also Adjective and Pronoun) Declension system has been finally left as a complete 8-case one, giving the most common reconstructions for it, as well as notes about the usual dialectal differences.

– The chapter on verbs and especially the Modern Indo-European conjugation system have been completely rewriten thanks to Prof. Dr. López-Menchero, who has made two divisions, the first into two main conjugation groups (Athematic and Thematic) and another, more complex one into 8 Thematic and 4 Athematic subgroups, giving thus twelve different groups of verbs (with a general group of ‘irregulars), therefore helping IE being still more difficult to learn 😉

– As Modern Indo-European syntactic details are difficult to ascertain nowadays – at least to be able to write a second thorough volume – we decided to include an Appendix on Proto-Indo-European syntax, which follows mainly Lehman’s findings with subsequent corrections from newer manuals (viz. Friedrich, Mendoza, Beekes, Ramat, etc.).

– The etymological notes have been written at the end of the book, instead of in the middle of the chapters. This style correction is a great improvement for the printed book, but in turn causes problems for the correct use of internal links. All bookmarks will have to be corrected one by one; we will try to correct it completely for the next minor release.

– As expected, only an English version has been finished. We hope this edition is correct enough to be able to work some months on translating the book into (at least) French, German, Italian and Spanish, without having to substitute them for newer corrected versions…

Thanks to all of you for your corrections and comments.We hope to keep publishing minor corrections and newer major versions with your inestimable help.

Your Indo-European Language Team.

A Grammar of Modern Indo-European: limited copies of the first printed edition

Until recently, we didn’t deem it useful to print our material (but for ISBN and Legal Deposit issues), as our grammar was very simple and the information contained was freely copied and redistributed.

However, as our regional community is interested in offering copies of our grammar in their Public Libraries, and they’ve offered some public means to print the material, we are going to make another major release, possibly named 3.0.

Major changes will include, thanks to the help of some specialized readers (mostly scholars from Spain):

  1. Major corrections of obviously wrong reconstructions (especially from Greek and Latin), and adding of different possible reconstructions.
  2. Vowels and Laryngeals’ question (only to show how the oldest IE phonetic sounded like)
  3. Thorough explanation of IE dialects when possible, and that chapter left for the end of the book.
  4. Occlusives: palatovelars are excluded (again) from the writing system, and the reasons explained.
  5. Changes in noun declension and in its classification into different numbers, now trying to follow the Latin one
  6. A thorough revision of verbal inflection.
  7. Corrections of mistakes in English and other languages
  8. Syntax: Instead of waiting for a new big second volume, we will try to include all known common features of the oldest dialects of PIE into a small chapter.
  9. Formal issues: Notes are left for another independent (and cheaper) volume in black and white, ordered by Note number and also with PIE roots ordered alphabetically, to facilitate look up of etymologies and MIE words while reading the main book.

That book will be available first as a printed copy (some 500 pages) and possibly some time thereafter in PDF for download, and it will still have a CC-by-sa and GFDL licence. We plan to order some 50 copies, but if we receive more individual orders we will order some more – we don’t plan to earn money with this, though, so the price will be more or less that offered by the public editor.

Your Indo-European Language Team.

A new Indo-European website: free Indo-European languages’ resources at

A new webblog has been configured in our Web servers to host free Indo-European languages’ resources.

We wanted to host a wiki site, but eventually believed that such a domain name under a Wiki engine would be in great risk of becoming the spammers’ objective for different language courses and learning promotion.

The blog, however, is indeed open for contributions, directly (in the form of comments) and indirectly, using emails to recommend us other websites and books. We plan to use it to host different ebooks and other resources, as well as general reports about other websites hosting free language resources.

Your Indo-European Language Team.